This paper investigates the effect of the architectural design of deep learning models in combination with a feature engineering approach considering the temporal variation in the features in the case of tropospheric ozone forecasting. Although deep neural network models have shown successful results by extracting features automatically from raw data, their performance in the domain of air quality forecasting is influenced by different feature analysis approaches and model architectures. This paper proposes a simple but effective analysis of tropospheric ozone time series data that can reveal temporal phases of the ozone evolution process and assist neural network models to reflect these temporal variations. We demonstrate that addressing the ozone evolution phases when developing the model architecture improves the performance of deep neural network models. As a result, we evaluated our approach on the CNN model and showed that not only does it improve the performance of the CNN model, but also that the CNN model in combination with our approach boosts the performance of the other deep neural network models such as LSTM. The development of the CNN, LSTM-CNN, and CNN-LSTM models using the proposed approach improved the prediction performance of the models by 3.58%, 1.68%, and 3.37%, respectively.