Theory-based nursing interventions in adults with coronary heart disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

GÖK METİN Z., İZGÜ N., Eren M. G., Eroglu H.

JOURNAL OF NURSING SCHOLARSHIP, vol.55, no.2, pp.439-463, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 55 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/jnu.12839
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ASSIA, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Psycinfo
  • Page Numbers: pp.439-463
  • Keywords: clinical trial, coronary heart disease, meta-analysis, model, nursing, systematic review, theory, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, CONTINUOUS-CARE MODEL, MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION, SECONDARY PREVENTION, EXERCISE BEHAVIOR, PROGRAM, ADHERENCE, STYLE, RISK, BIAS
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


PurposeThis systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to synthesize the outcomes of theory-based nursing interventions for coronary heart disease management. Design and MethodsWeb of Science, Scopus, Science Direct, and PubMed databases were electronically searched from January 2013 to August 2021. The Preferred Reporting Item for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses statement guidelines was followed for this meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trials on patients with coronary heart disease, using a theory-based nursing intervention were eligible. Methodological quality was examined by two authors using the Modified Jadad Scale. Based on the heterogeneity test, the results were analyzed using a pool of data with 95% confidence intervals, p-values, and fixed or random-effect models (PROSPERO registration number X). FindingsA total of 1030 studies were initially retrieved, and 8 randomized controlled trials were eventually included in the meta-analysis after screening. The big majority (81.3%) of participants were males, and the mean age was 54.8 (SD = 8.7) years. This meta-analysis found theory-based nursing interventions had no significant effect on blood lipid profile, blood pressure, and healthy lifestyle. However, these interventions significantly reduced fasting blood glucose, and body mass index and improved the physical and psychological domains of quality of life. ConclusionsThe evidence from this meta-analysis reveals that theory-based nursing interventions have a positive effect on fasting blood glucose, body mass index, and quality of life. However, their effects on blood lipid profile, blood pressure, and a healthy lifestyle are inconclusive. The results of this metanalysis are largely based on a few trials and were limited in terms of the number of outcomes. Conducting well-designed randomized controlled trials with adequate power is needed to make a firm conclusion on the influence of theory-based nursing interventions on patient outcomes in the CHD population. Clinical relevanceConsidering the high mortality and morbidity of coronary heart disease, nurses may play a significant role in coronary heart disease management by providing interventions that are based on a certain theoretical framework. This meta-analysis provides insights into the implementation of theory-based nursing interventions in heart attack survivors or those newly diagnosed with coronary heart disease led by nurses and lasting longer than 6 months in coronary heart disease. In addition, future studies should consider enhancing the content of training programs for a healthy lifestyle within the theory-based nursing interventions and compare the effects of these interventions on acute and chronic coronary syndromes.