Myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy is characterized by dilatation of all four cardiac chambers and decreased systolic function of the heart, especially in the left ventricle. In this report we presented a patient with myocarditis or dilated cardiomyopathy and deficiency of protein C and protein S with biventricular multiple intracardiac thrombi. Standard heparin infusion and acetyl salicylic acid was begun. On the 10th day of hospitalization the right ventricular thrombus disappeared, and on the 24th day all thrombi in the left ventricle disappeared. During the treatment we did not observe any complication such as hemorrhagia or embolism. We think that patients with dilated cardlornyopathy or myocarditis should be evaluated for hemostatic disorders, and should be anticoagulated if any of these disorders are presented. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis 18:699-702 (c) 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.