Petrological and geochemical features of Biga Peninsula granitoids, NW Anatolia, Turkey

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Aydin U., Sen P., Ozmen O., ŞEN E.

BULLETIN OF THE MINERAL RESEARCH AND EXPLORATION, vol.160, pp.81-115, 2019 (ESCI) identifier identifier


In Northwest Anatolia, widespread magmatism developed due to collision between Anatolide-Tauride platform and Sakarya continent during Late Cretaceous-Early Tertiary period. The granitoids in Biga Peninsula are products of post-collisional magmatism following the convergence of the northern branch of Neotethyan Ocean and developed in two different stages as Eocene and Oligo-Miocene. Eocene Karabiga, Gureci, Kuscayir and Dikmen granitoids are granite and diorite-granodiorite; Oligo-Miocene Sarioluk, Yenice, Kestanbol, Eybek, Evciler, Camyayla and Alankoy granitoids are diorite, granodiorite, monzonite and Q-monzonite in composition. Metaluminous and peraluminous granitoids have similar geochemical variations and exhibit post-collisional geochemical signatures. Trace element patterns are almost similar to those observed in upper crust and GLOSS (Global Subducting Sediment) patterns with depletion in high field strength (HFS) elements (Nb, Ta, Ti, Zr, Hf). But, Oligo-Miocene Sarioluk, Yenice-Cakiroba, Kestanbol, Evciler, Camyayla, Alankoy and Eocene Karabiga, Gureci and Kuscayir granitoids have higher Th and U contents relative to upper crust and GLOSS. Dikmen, Yenice-Hamdibey, Yenice-Eskiyayla and Eybek granitoids have lower Th content. Geochemical variations indicate that partial melting and fractional crystallisation-crustal contamination processes are effective in their genesis and evolution. Trace element ratios also indicate subduction signatures in their genesis and Rb/Ba, Rb/Sr ratios suggest mantle melting rather than crustal melting. Accordingly, post-collisional Biga Peninsula granitoids were derived from a previously metasomatised lithospheric mantle source, which was enriched during northward subduction and closure of the northern branch of Neo-Tethys Ocean beneath the Sakarya continent, since variations in Rb, Cs, Th, La and Sm reveal that lithospheric mantle was mesomatised by both aqueous fluids and sediment melts.