The diuretic effect of urea analog dimethylthiourea in female Wistar rats

Cil O., Ertunc M., Onur R.

HUMAN & EXPERIMENTAL TOXICOLOGY, vol.31, no.10, pp.1050-1055, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0960327112459205
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1050-1055
  • Keywords: Dimethylthiourea, urea analog, urea transporter inhibitor, diuretic, rat, URINARY CONCENTRATING ABILITY, ACUTE-RENAL-FAILURE, TRANSPORTER UT-B, COLLECTING DUCT, KNOCKOUT MICE, DEFECT
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Urea plays an important role in the urinary concentrating mechanism in the kidney by contributing greatly in the generation of hyperosmolar medulla due to the presence of urea transporters, which mediate facilitated transport of urea. In this study, we investigated the possible diuretic effect of urea analog and urea transporter inhibitor, dimethylthiourea (DMTU), in rats. Female Wistar rats were divided into two groups, group 1 (control group, n = 7) rats were injected with saline intraperitoneally (i.p.), while group 2 (DMTU group, n = 7) rats were injected with 500 mg/kg DMTU (i.p.) and an additional dose of 125 mg/kg DMTU after 8 h. DMTU administration induced an approximately three times increase in daily urine volume (p < 0.001) and decreased urine osmolality to approximately 35% of controls (p < 0.0001). DMTU also increased free water clearance (p < 0.0001) without a significant change in osmolar clearance. DMTU treatment caused an increase in urea clearance (p < 0.05) and fractional excretion of urea (p < 0.05) with a decrease in serum urea concentration (p < 0.001). DMTU had no effect on creatinine clearance or serum electrolytes, creatinine levels and osmolality. With these findings, we report for the first time that DMTU has a prominent diuretic effect with increased urea excretion, which may be explained by the inhibitory effect of the drug on urea transporters. Our findings suggest that DMTU may be used as a diuretic agent and also could be used as a lead compound for the development of novel diuretics.