Analysis of polymer grafted inside the porous hydrogel using confocal laser scanning microscopy

Creative Commons License

Savina I. N., Tuncel M., Tuncel A., Galaev I. Y., Mattiasson B.

EXPRESS POLYMER LETTERS, vol.1, no.4, pp.189-196, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.3144/expresspolymlett.2007.30
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.189-196
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Graft polymerization of glycidyl methacrylate onto the pore surface of polyacrylamide macroporous gel was implemented in DMSO-aqueous solution using diperiodatocuprate(III) complexes as an initiator. The grafting densities up to 410% were achieved. The graft polymerization was confirmed by gravimetrical methods and FTIR. The graft polymerization of polymer inside the pores of the macroporous gel resulted in increased flow resistance through the gel matrix. The distribution of grafted polymer on the gel pore surface material was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). CLSM is an alternative method for studying morphology of gel surface with grafted polymer having the advantages over the SEM allowing to investigate the distribution of grafted polymer inside the hydrogel in a native hydrated state. The microscopic techniques demonstrated uneven distribution of the grafted polymer inside the gel pores as a result of initiating the graft polymerization by insoluble initiator deposited on the pore surface.