Examining the Achievement Test Development Process in the Educational Studies

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ŞAHİN M. G., Yıldırım Y., Öztürk N. B.

Participatory Educational Research, vol.10, no.1, pp.251-274, 2023 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.17275/per.
  • Journal Name: Participatory Educational Research
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.251-274
  • Keywords: Achievement test, achievement test development, assessment and evaluation, document analysis, mathematics
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


© 2023, Ozgen Korkmaz. All rights reserved.Literature review shows that the development process of an achievement test is mainly investigated in dissertations. Moreover, preparing a form that will shed light on developing an achievement test is expected to guide those who will administer the test. In this line, the current study aims to create an “Achievement Test Development Process Control Form” and investigate the achievement tests for Maths based on this form. Document analysis was conducted within the framework of qualitative research and was done based on descriptive analysis. Within the scope of the research, 1683 articles published in designated journals between 2015-2020 were reviewed. It was determined that a mathematics achievement test was developed in 39 of these articles, which were coded on the control form. The articles that were included in the scope of the current study were investigated in terms of the type of items used in the tests, the theory or practice on which the test was developed, the use of rubric for open-ended items, the number of items in the pilot and final form, features of the test form as well as those pertaining to the table of specifications, the features of item pool, the evaluation of pilot testing, the evaluation of real study, test validity and reliability, and the setting in which tests were administered. The current study findings show that mostly an item pool was not prepared, the pilot application was not conducted or was not specified, and even if it was conducted, item analysis was not performed, test forms or example items were not included in the articles, and there were some deficiencies regarding validity. On the other hand, it was clear that the articles mostly specified the test goal and reported the reliability coefficient. In light of the current findings, some suggestions are provided for test developers and those who will administer these tests.