Kinetics of carbon dioxide absorption by nonaqueous solutions of promoted sterically hindered amines

Gordesli Duatepe F. P., YÜKSEL ORHAN Ö., Alper E.

13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT), Lausanne, Switzerland, 14 - 18 November 2016, vol.114, pp.57-65 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 114
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.03.1147
  • City: Lausanne
  • Country: Switzerland
  • Page Numbers: pp.57-65
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


The mechanism and kinetics of CO2 capture using piperazine (PZ) promoted nonaqueous solutions of 2-amino-2methyl- 1,3-propanediol (AMPD) and 2-amino-2-ethyl-1,3-propanediol (AEPD) were investigated by stopped-flow technique. The termolecular mechanism was used to model the kinetics of the reactions. AMPD or AEPD like other sterically hindered amines absorbs CO2 in an equimo lar ratio that is significantly higher than that of monoethanolamine (MEA). However, the steric hinderance results in decreased reaction rate as in the case of AMPD and AEPD. The reaction can be p romoted by addition of small amounts of cyclic polyamines, such as PZ or its derivatives. Our results show clearly that nonaqueous solutions of AMPD and AEPD can achieve reaction rates comparable to commercial systems by the addition of small amounts of PZ. (C) 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.