Mutations in GDAP1 - Autosomal recessive CMT with demyelination and axonopathy


Nelis E., Erdem S., Van den Bergh P., Belpaire-Dethiou M., Ceuterick C., Van Gerwen V., ...Daha Fazla

NEUROLOGY, cilt.59, sa.12, ss.1865-1872, 2002 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 59 Konu: 12
  • Basım Tarihi: 2002
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1212/01.wnl.0000036272.36047.54
  • Dergi Adı: NEUROLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1865-1872

Özet

Background: Mutations in the ganglioside-induced differentiation-associated protein 1 gene (GDAP1) were recently shown to be responsible for autosomal recessive (AR) demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) type 4A (CMT4A) as well as AR axonal CMT with vocal cord paralysis. Methods: The coding region of GDAP1 was screened for the presence of mutations in seven families with AR CMT in which the patients were homozygous for markers of the CMT4A locus at chromosome 8q21.1. Results: A nonsense mutation was detected in exon 5 (c.581C>G, S194X), a 1-bp deletion in exon 6 (c.786delG, G262fsX284), and a missense mutation in exon 6 (c.844C>T, R282C). Conclusions: Mutations in GDAP1 are a frequent cause of AR CMT. They result in an early-onset, severe clinical phenotype. The range of nerve conduction velocities (NCV) is variable. Some patients have normal or near normal NCV, suggesting an axonal neuropathy, whereas others have severely slowed NCV compatible with demyelination. The peripheral nerve biopsy findings are equally variable and show features of demyelination and axonal degeneration.