Neuroendocrine carcinomas arise from Kulchitsky cells and are frequently seen in gastrointestinal tract and lungs. But they are unusual in gynecology practice. The Fallopian tube is one of the rarest locations for the development of a female genital malignancy. The most common histologic subtype is adenocarcinoma in malignancies of fallopian tubes, but rarely other histologic subtypes have been reported. Here we present a primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of the fallopian tube. To the best of the our knowledge, it was not reported previously. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.