EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION, vol.37, no.7, pp.589-595, 2007 (SCI-Expanded)
Background Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inherited disorder of the innate immune system characterized by impairment of intracellular microbicidal activity of phagocytes. Mutations in one of four known NADPH-oxidase components preclude generation of superoxide and related antimicrobial oxidants, leading to the phenotype of CGD. Defects in gp91-phox, encoded by CYBB, lead to X-linked CGD and have been reported to be responsible for approximately 70% of all CGD cases. The aim of this study was to identify the CGD mutations in a group of Turkish CGD patients and to evaluate the predominance of CGD mutations as X-linked or autosomal recessive (AR) within the Turkish CGD families with known mutations.