Dramatic Proverb DRAMATİK ATASÖZÜ


AKTULUM K.

Milli Folklor, vol.137, pp.27-36, 2023 (AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 137
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.58242/millifolklor.1124410
  • Journal Name: Milli Folklor
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts, MLA - Modern Language Association Database, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.27-36
  • Keywords: dramatic proverb, Intersemiotics, proverbialization, theatre
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The precondition for making an intersemiotic analysis is that two different signs of systems (for example, a text and a picture) must be in a contextual as well as a formal exchange. It is a necessity that the said exchange operation takes place according to a certain strategy. Accordingly, whether it is folkloric or not, the transfer of a content to a folklore text or, on the contrary, to another artistic form, or rather its use in one or another artistic form, is sufficient to initiate an intersemiotic analysis process. Practices such as creating a separate meaning effect by using folklore tools from many fields such as literature, painting, music, cinema, architecture, and dynamicizing the common thought by taking it beyond a simple stereotype are frequently applied. Various functions of such a process can be mentioned. As is known, the most frequently repeated function in the context of folklore is the maintenance of national identity. Undoubtedly, individual functions can be mentioned as well as common functions. For example, the language or style created by an author using folklore content becomes his hallmark. Such uses include information about an author's perception as well as a society in the face of reality. It facilitates its identification. From an intersemiotic perspective, the use of proverbs in fields other than folklore is not a new practice or invention (for example, it is seen that proverbs are frequently used in the field of literature); proverbs, which are mostly defined as a type of "short form" in themselves, go beyond being a simple (stereotyped) repetition phenomenon and go beyond being a mere short form when subject or when set to matrice in a text. In a way, the short form (proverb) turns into a story in the discourse of an enunciation subject (author), it constitutes the essence of the story. In this way, it goes one step beyond a semiotic, semantic, thematic, and intellectual analysis and becomes suitable for an inter-semiotic analysis. An updated meaning is added to the fixed meaning that these approaches seek. In this way, an alternative door to the possibility of identity persistence is opened. So, in this article, by adopting such a perspective, we will talk about the dramatization of the proverb, the process of playing a minimalist folklore instrument by transferring it to the theater context. The naming of "dramatic proverb" opens the door to the beginning of an intersemiotics process based on the exchanges of two separate disciplines. Thus, folklore content is repeated by transforming with this or that function. The dramatic proverb that emerged in France (the 17th and 18th centuries), when moral, thought, character, aphoristic, maxim, and sentence discourses were at their peak, is full of examples embodying how a folklore material was transformed (the titles of the books immediately confirm it). Without a textual analysis within the boundaries of this article (this is a separate issue), we will first be content, with its historical process which initiates an intersemiotics analysis, by revealing the use of the dramatic proverb usage in different periods, emerged in France in the 17th century and lasted until the end of the 19th century.