While attempts to understand them better and treat them more effectively, early-onset deformities have gained great pace in the past few years. Large patient series with long follow-ups that would provide high levels of evidence are still almost non-existent. That there is no safe treatment algorithm defined and agreed upon for this patient population continues to pose a challenge for pediatric spine surgeons. In this review, authors who are well known for their research and experience in the treatment of early-onset scoliosis (EOS) have come together in order to answer those questions which are most frequently asked by other surgeons. The most basic eight questions in this field have been answered succinctly by these authors and a current overview is provided.