Evaluation of the relationship between intravascular hemolysis and clinical manifestations in sickle cell disease: decreased hemopexin during vaso-occlusive crises and increased inflammation in acute chest syndrome


Yildirim N., ÜNAL S., Yalcinkaya A., Karahan F., ER ÖZTAŞ Y.

ANNALS OF HEMATOLOGY, vol.101, no.1, pp.35-41, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 101 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00277-021-04667-w
  • Journal Name: ANNALS OF HEMATOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.35-41
  • Keywords: Sickle cell disease, Acute chest syndrome, Vaso-occlusive crisis, Nitric oxide, Acid sphingomyelinase, Hemopexin, LACTATE-DEHYDROGENASE, ACID SPHINGOMYELINASE, HEME

Abstract

The aims of this study were to determine the possible relationships between the levels of hemin, hemopexin, acid sphingomyelinase, nitrite/nitrate (NOx), and other parameters in patients with SCD and to assess whether they were associated with vaso-occlusive crises (VOCs) or acute chest syndrome (ACS). Patients with SCD (homozygous or sickle beta-thalassemia) who were confirmed to have VOC or ACS were included. Blood samples were obtained at admission, on the third day of hospitalization, and at steady state. Demographic characteristics, pain (visual analog scale), complication history, complete blood count, lactate dehydrogenase, and C-reactive protein levels were recorded. Hemin, hemopexin, acid sphingomyelinase, and NOx were measured via ELISA. A total of 31 patients (22 VOC, 9 ACS) were included. Mean age was 16.4 +/- 4.7 years. Admission white blood cell count and C-reactive protein levels were significantly higher in the ACS group. Patients with ACS also demonstrated a significant decreasing trend of LDH and an increasing trend of NOx values from admission to steady state. Notably, hemopexin levels were significantly lower on the third day of hospitalization compared to steady-state levels. Despite limited patient count in the ACS group, these patients appear to have strikingly greater inflammatory activation at admission, and the progression of ACS may be associated with LDH and NOx levels. Lower hemopexin levels during hospitalization versus steady state appear to support a role for the administration of hemopexin therapy during crises.