Education at Robert College from Ottoman Empire to Turkish Republic


ACUN F. , GURTUNCA E. S.

TARIH INCELEMELERI DERGISI, cilt.31, ss.1-34, 2016 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 31 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Dergi Adı: TARIH INCELEMELERI DERGISI
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1-34

Özet

Robert College was founded by missionary Cyrus Hamlin and a philanthropist Christopher Robert, in the far distant lands, far away from the America. It developed in a short span of time and became one of the best schools of the Ottoman Empire. When the Empire disintegrated and the new Turkish Republic was established, the College became again one of the best educational institutions in the Balkans and the Middle East. Its reputation continues until today. The rise of the Robert College among the nearly four thousands similar schools was due to its approach to education which concentrates on the development of physical, intellectual and moral aspects of a person. This approach is reflected on the curriculum of the college. This study examines the curriculum in order to better understand the education approach of the College. For this, it concentrates on the duration of the education and types and the hours of the classes. The findings of the study are that, during the Ottoman period duration of the education was long, types of the classes were varied and the hours of the classes were many. Whereas a considerable decrease occurred in all these during the Republican period. This was due in part to the multi ethnic and multi religious character of the Ottoman Empire and in part to the prohibitions of the new Republic towards the foreign schools. In face of these radical changes, the approach and the ultimate goal of the College remained the same, i.e. to educate a person in a way to make him strong in terms of physical, intellectual and moral aspects.