Thermal, mechanical and water adsorption properties of corn starch-carboxymethylcellulose/methylcellulose biodegradable films

Kibar E. A. A., Us F.

JOURNAL OF FOOD ENGINEERING, vol.114, no.1, pp.123-131, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 114 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2012.07.034
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.123-131
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of the addition of methylcellulose and carboxymethylcellulose on the thermal, mechanical and water adsorption properties of starch-based films plasticized with glycerol or polyethylene glycol (PEG). Mechanical tests showed that as the methylcellulose and carboxymethylcellulose proportion increased, starch films became more resistant to break, resulting in higher TS values. Besides there has been a positive effect on the elasticity of starch films realized by a considerable increase in E% values. Depending on the plasticizer type, either single or dual glass transitions were seen in DSC thermograms. One glass transition temperature was observed for films plasticized with glycerol, on the contrary, dual glass transitions were detected for PEG plasticized films. This behavior was attributed to the phase separation of the PEG. In addition, the presence of an endothermic peak in the thermograms of PEG plasticized films was taken as another indicator of the phase separation. As a result, it was suggested that PEG was not as compatible as glycerol with the composite polysaccharide matrix and plasticizer type was the main factor that shaped the thermal profiles of the film samples. Water adsorption isotherm data showed that samples displayed nonlinear sorption profile which is typical for hydrophilic films. In all films tested, equilibrium moisture contents, increased almost linearly up to a a(w) of 0.65-0.85, beyond where a sharp increase was noted. Adsorption data was adequately fitted by BET and GAB models. Eventually, it can be concluded that film forming properties of starch can be improved by incorporation of methylcellulose and carboxymethylcellulose to the polymer matrix. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.