Diagnostic distribution and postnatal evaluation of prenatally detected short femur: A single center experience


KAHRAMAN A. B. , ŞİMŞEK KİPER P. Ö. , ÜTİNE G. E. , BODUROĞLU O. K.

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL GENETICS PART A, vol.188, no.8, pp.2367-2375, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 188 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/ajmg.a.62769
  • Journal Name: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL GENETICS PART A
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Applied Science & Technology Source, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.2367-2375
  • Keywords: consanguinity, genetic skeletal disorders, prenatal ultrasonography, short femur, PATERNAL AGE, 2ND-TRIMESTER, ASSOCIATION, FETUSES, LENGTH, GUIDELINES
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Genetic skeletal disorders (GSDs) are clinically and etiologically heterogeneous group of disorders caused by abnormal growth and development of bone and/or cartilaginous tissues. Timely and accurate diagnosis is essential for prevention of significant comorbidities. In this study demographic, parental, prenatal and natal characteristics, and postnatal diagnostic distribution along with follow-up processes of 104 individuals with the finding of "short femur" detected in routine prenatal ultrasonography were evaluated. Of 104 patients, 19 (18.2%) were medically terminated, 12 (11.6%) were deceased during follow-up and 73 (70.2%) were still under follow-up. Diagnostic distribution of 104 patients was as follows: 77 (74%) had GSD, eight (7.7%) had chromosomal disorder, seven (6.7%) were completely normal, and 12 (11.5%) had no definite diagnosis. Long-term follow up evaluation contributed to clinical diagnosis in four patients. When grouped according to Nosology and Classification of GSDs: 2019 revision, the most frequent (n = 30, 38.5%) group was "FGFR3 chondrodysplasia group", followed by "Type 2 collagen group" (n = 7, 9%), and "Osteogenesis imperfecta and decreased bone density group" (n = 5, 6.4%). The finding of prenatally detected "short femur" represents a group of diverse diagnosis with heterogeneous etiology. GSDs are the most common etiology among fetuses with short extremity.