Several rare autosomal folate sensitive fragile sites were reported in individuals with mental retardation, neurological abnormalities, and multiple congenital malformations. Only three of them: fra(11)(q22.3), fra(X)(q27.3) and fra(X)(q28). are known to be associated with mental retardation and phenotypic abnormalities. A possible association of the other rare fragile sites with idiopathic mental retardation is still being discussed. Here, a girl who has a fragile site at 2q11 with minor congenital anomalies and mental retardation is presented. This case has recalled the question of idiopathic mental retardation that might be the clinical expression of rare FSFS. Fragility was observed at 2q11 with a frequency of 3% in her cells along with a partial endoreduplication at 2 q11 --> qter. (C) 2000 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.