Reconstruction of mandibular defects using autografts combined with demineralized bone matrix and cancellous allograft

Canter H. I. , Vargel I. , Mavili M. E.

JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, vol.18, no.1, pp.95-100, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/
  • Page Numbers: pp.95-100


Facial bone defects can be managed by a variety of means, such as inlay or onlay applied nonvascularized bone grafts, local pedicled/distal free osteocutaneous/osseous flaps or distraction osteogenesis. Although each method has its own advantages and drawbacks, the indications of using these methods may overlap in certain clinical situations. The use of nonvascularized bone grafts, conceptually and technically simple method, relies on creeping substitution of applied graft with regenerating new bone. However, using vascularized osteocutaneous free flaps provide not only plenty of bony tissue for reconstruction, but also soft tissue coverage over the reconstructed bony segment. Furthermore, bone healing in vascularized osteocutaneous free flaps resembles as the physiologic fracture healing. In selected cases with enough soft tissue coverage over the defective bony segment, on the other hand, using larger nonvascularized bone grafts with osteoinductive growth factors may decrease the risk of graft failure while avoiding the drawbacks of the free tissue transfer. Here we present our results of three cases with facial bone defects, to which nonvascularized iliac bone grafts and demineralized bone matrix with cancellous allograft (Orthoblast II (TM)) as a source of BMP were used together for mandibular reconstruction.