Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a common cause of gastritis in both children and adults, and its incidence increases every year. The aims of this study were to evaluate the histopathologic features of H. pylori gastritis and to compare immunohistochemical with histochemical [hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Giemsa] staining of gastric biopsy specimens for the detection of H. pylori infection from urea breath test (UBT) (-) and UBT (+) children. Seventy-eight gastric biopsies from pediatric patients who were administered UBT were included in this study. Gastric biopsy specimens were evaluated histopathologically and graded according to the Sydney system. HE, Giemsa and immunohistochemical staining was performed for the identification of H. pylori.