The Tradition of Burning the Corpse in the Iron Age : A Case Study on Zeviya Tivilki in the Upper Tigris Region

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ÖKSE A. T., Eroglu S.

AKKADICA, vol.134, no.2, pp.159-185, 2013 (AHCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 134 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Journal Name: AKKADICA
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus, IBZ Online
  • Page Numbers: pp.159-185
  • Keywords: upper Tigris region, New Assyrian, Iron Age, cremation, Zeviya Tivilki, BRONZE, EMPIRE
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: No


The excavations carried out within the salvage project of the Ilisu Dam to be constructed on the Upper Tigris valley brought out three New Assyrian sites with cremation burials. In the provincial capital at Ziyarettepe cremation pits with mass burials cremated together with rich grave goods are recovered. Contrary to this urban centre, cremated individuals were buried in jars at two small rural sites; at Kavusan Hoyuk located on the fertile plain of the Tigris River and Zeviya Tivilki in the construction zone of the Ilisu Dam. At the northwestern border of the settlement at Zeviya Tivilki, 20 urns containing 18 individuals are recovered. All individuals were cremated in high temperatures and most of them are aged less than 20 years; these suffered iron deficiency anemia, and the adult arthridis at the vertebrae.