Developmental regulation across adulthood: An investigation of control strategies

Ucanok Z.

TURK PSIKOLOJI DERGISI, vol.17, no.49, pp.1-19, 2002 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 17 Issue: 49
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-19
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: No


The main purpose of this study was to investigate the optimization and control strategies in the framework of developmental regulation model in Turkish culture. The sample consisted of 361 male and female subjects aged 20-75 years from different educational levels. "Optimization and Control Strategies Scale (OPS Scale)" and "Life Orientation Test" were used for collecting data. A significant main effect of age revealed that use of all control strategies except the compensatory primary control increased by age. In addition, it was revealed that the effects of age variable significantly interacted with education level on the scores of selective secondary control strategy. Further post-hoc analyses yielded that young adults with higher education level were used this strategy more than those with lower education level. In the old age groups, on the contrary, participants with higher education were used the selective secondary control strategy less than those with lower education. The main effect of sex was also significant, indicating that female participants used the compensatory secondary control strategy more than males. To get a conclusive explanation, control strategies were also compared This comparison indicated that the primary control was used more than the secondary control in all age groups except the oldest one. Strategy and gender interaction revealed that male participants were used more primary control strategies than female participants. Also results showed that optimization and life orientation significantly predicted the control strategies (selective primary, selective secondary and compensatory secondary) except the compensatory primary control strategy. The findings were discussed in the context of developmental regulation model, empirical studies and cultural differences.