Coexistence of osteoporosis (OP) and coronary artery disease (CAD) in the elderly: It is not just a by chance event

YEŞİL Y., Ulger Z., HALİL M. G., Halacli B., DOĞU B. B., Yesil N. K., ...More

ARCHIVES OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS, vol.54, no.3, pp.473-476, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and OP are common age-related conditions. In both cross-sectional and longitudinal epidemiologic studies, low bone mass has been related to increased frequency of CVD. But available data in geriatric population is limited. In this study we aimed to seek the possible relationship between CAD and low bonemineral density (BMD) in a large number of geriatric patients. A total of 2235 patients aged 65 years or more were included in this cross-sectional study. All patients underwent a complete geriatric assessment and evaluated for CAD and cardiovascular risk factors. BMD was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at the lumbar spine (L1-L4) and femoral neck. BMD results were classified into three groups; normal (T-score: >= -1.0 x S. D.), osteopenia (T-score between -1.0 and -2.5 x S.D.), and OP (T-score: <= -2.5 x S.D.). CAD was present in 397 (29.7%) of 1335 patients with OP, in 199 (27.4%) of 726 patients with osteopenia and in 34 (19.5%) of 174 patients with normal BMD. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that presence of OP or osteopenia increased the prevalence of CAD as an independent correlate (OR = 1.643; 95% CI = 1.068-2.528, p = 0.030). This study highlights the need for careful evaluation of elderly patients with low BMD for possible CAD. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.