Characterisation of flame retardant plasma polymer deposited BOPP film

Yavuz H., Rzaev Z., Dilsiz N.

PLASTICS RUBBER AND COMPOSITES, vol.37, pp.268-275, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1179/174328908x309385
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.268-275
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Flame retardancy of polypropylene films was studied by plasma polymerisation technique. The surface of BOPP film was modified by boron containing plasma polymers at different plasma conditions. Plasma polymer coated polypropylene films were examined by flame retardancy test (limiting oxygen index, LOI) and TGA. Boron containing plasma polymer deposition on the film surface showed an improvement of flame retardancy. Furthermore, TGA thermograms pointed out that the first degradation temperature of treated polypropylene film was increased from 331 to 396 degrees C, and the second degradation temperature was shifted from 401 to 455 degrees C. Also, the plasma polymers were characterised by FTIR spectroscopy and XPS. According to XPS results, the BOPP surfaces treated with TMB showed significant difference in the composition with respect to the untreated sample. The FTIR spectra of plasma polymers obtained indicated that when the treatment time was increased to 60 min with a constant discharge power at 80 W, the absorption intensities of all the functional groups increased. As a result, boron containing plasma polymer treatment was found to be an effective method in enhancing the flame retardancy of BOPP film.