Genetic material obtained from various individuals may contain certain polymorphisms which may conflict with the predetermined DNA sequence and consequently, may modulate the function of gene products. In this study, coding sequence of rat CD40 ligand (CD40L, CD154) was obtained from activated splenocytes, amplified, and cloned into a eukaryotic expression vector by using directional cloning method. Sequence of the recombinant rat CD40L DNA, pCD40L-IRES2-EGFP (pCD40L), was compared with the previously reported rat CD40L cDNA sequences and a 99% identity was found. Differing nucleotides were on the positions; 122-T/C, 341-G/A, 476G/A, 762-T/A. Further alignment analysis showed that pCD40L was collectively carrying the nucleotides each previously reported by different groups. The sequence was submitted to NCBI GenBank and nucleotide database accession number EF066490 was obtained. Following transfection of the construct into NIH/3T3 cell line, novel CD40L clone was functionally expressed de novo, increasing the expression of CD80 and CD86 costimulatory molecules and augmenting the proliferation rate of effector splenocytes in immune reactions ex vivo. Based on these data, here we report a novel recombinant clone of the rat CD40L gene which may represent a potential polymorphic variant.