Role of nitric oxide in hypoxia-induced changes in newborn rats


Kilic I., Kilic B., Guven C., Demirpence E., Aksit M.

BIOLOGY OF THE NEONATE, cilt.78, ss.191-197, 2000 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 78 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2000
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1159/000014270
  • Dergi Adı: BIOLOGY OF THE NEONATE
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.191-197

Özet

In order to investigate the role of nitric oxide (NO) in hypoxic tissue damage in newborns, we studied the effects of systemic administration of an inhibitor of NO synthase, N-G-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA), and the precursor for the synthesis of NO, L-arginine (L-ARG), on the biochemical and histological changes in brain, heart, lung, liver, kidney, intestine, and skeletal muscle tissues. Four groups of 1-day-old Wistar rat pups were used: control, hypoxic, L-ARG, and L-NNA groups. L-ARG 100 mg/kg or L-NNA 2 mg/kg was administered as a bolus intraperitoneally 1.5 h before hypoxia. Hypoxia increased lipid peroxidation in all tissues except muscle; this increase was prevented by L-NNA and L-ARG in brain, heart, lung, kidney, and liver tissues. L-NNA in intestine and L-ARG in muscle tissue increased lipid peroxidation. The tissue-associated myeloperoxidase activity was decreased in the liver by L-NNA and L-ARG. Histopathological changes in intestines were villous epithelial separation and hyperemia in hypoxic and L-NNA groups which were not observed in control and L-ARG groups. In lungs, pulmonary hemorrhage was observed only in the hypoxic group. These data suggest that NO acts both as a destructive and a protective agent in the pathogenesis of hypoxia-reoxygenation injuries. Copyright (C) 2000 S. Karger AG. Basel.