Femoral lengthening using limb reconstruction system augmented with only one antegrade flexible nail in children: early results

Danisman M., Bakircioglu S., TUNCAY O., YILMAZ G.

Journal of pediatric orthopedics. Part B, vol.32, no.6, pp.604-610, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


Several techniques have been described for decreasing the duration of external fixator use, augmenting stability, and minimizing complications. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the clinical results and complications of femoral lengthening procedures using the Limb Reconstruction System (LRS) in combination with a single antegrade flexible intramedullary nail (FIN). Femoral lengthening with LRS and FIN was applied to 14 patients (aged 6-16 years) between 2017 and 2021. The etiology was a congenital femoral deficiency in 12 patients and post-traumatic growth arrest in two. A single nail was inserted antegradely through the trochanteric apophysis in each patient. Radiographs and medical records of the patients were assessed retrospectively. The mean lengthening achieved was 4.8 ± 1.0 cm. The mean duration of external fixation was 181 days (range 139-248 days) and the mean healing index was 39.6 ± 12.1 days/cm. The mean values of mechanical medial proximal tibial angle, mechanical lateral distal tibial angle, mechanical lateral proximal femoral angle, and mechanical lateral distal femoral angle were within the normal range at the last follow-up. Seven of the 14 cases had a regenerate deformity that caused a displacement of more than 2 mm in the mechanical axis deviation, none of them was greater than 10 mm and considered clinically insignificant. Fracture was seen in two limbs with regenerate deformity. This study suggests that LRS in combination with only one FIN may be an effective alternative for femoral lengthening, with acceptable complication rates.