ICTV Virus Taxonomy Profile: Nairoviridae


Garrison A. R. , Alkhovsky S., Avsic-Zupanc T., Bente D. A. , Bergeron E., Burt F., ...More

JOURNAL OF GENERAL VIROLOGY, vol.101, no.8, pp.798-799, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 101 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1099/jgv.0.001485
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF GENERAL VIROLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.798-799

Abstract

Members of the family Nairoviridae produce enveloped virions with three single-stranded RNA segments comprising 17.1 to 22.8kb in total. These viruses are maintained in arthropods and transmitted by ticks to mammals or birds. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus is tick-borne and is endemic in most of Asia, Africa, Southern and Eastern Europe whereas Nairobi sheep disease virus, which is also tick-borne, causes lethal haemorrhagic gastroenteritis in small ruminants in Africa and India. This is a summary of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Report on the family Nairoviridae, which is available at ictv.global/report/nairoviridae.