Dosimetric Performance Evaluation of MLC-based and Cone-based 3D Spatially Fractionated LATTICE Radiotherapy

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Radiation Research, vol.199, no.2, pp.161-169, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 199 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1667/rade-22-00020.1
  • Journal Name: Radiation Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, EMBASE, Environment Index, MEDLINE, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.161-169
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


This study aims to dosimetrically compare multi-leaf collimator (MLC)-based and cone-based 3D LATTICE radiotherapy (LRT) plans. Valley-peak ratios were evaluated using seven different 3D LATTICE designs. Target volumes of 8 cm and 12 cm were defined on the RANDO phantom. Valley-peak dose patterns were obtained by creating high-dose vertices in the target volumes. By changing the vertex diameter, vertices separation, and volume ratio, seven different LATTICE designs were generated. Treatment plans were implemented using CyberKnife and Varian RapidArc. Thermoluminescent dosimeter (TLD), EBT3 films, and electronic portal-imaging device (EPID) were employed for dosimetric treatment verification, and measured doses were compared to calculated doses. By changing the vertex diameter and vertices separation, the valley-peak ratio was exhibited little difference between the two systems. By changing the vertex diameter and volume ratio, the valley-peak ratio was observed nearly the same for the two systems. The film, TLD, and EPID dosimetry showed good agreement between the calculated and measured doses. Based on the results, we concluded that although smaller valley-peak ratios were obtained with cone-based plans, the dose-volume histograms were comparable in both systems. Also, when we evaluated the treatment duration, the MLC-based plans were more appropriate to apply the treatment in a single fraction.