Follow-up of pregnancy in acromegalic women: Different presentations and outcomes


Atmaca A., Dagdelen S. , Erbas T.

EXPERIMENTAL AND CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & DIABETES, vol.114, no.3, pp.135-139, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 114 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1055/s-2005-873004
  • Title of Journal : EXPERIMENTAL AND CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & DIABETES
  • Page Numbers: pp.135-139

Abstract

Pregnancy in acromegaly is a rather rare event since the fertility is reduced in acromegalic women. Besides, metabolic complications of acromegaly are harmful to both mother and fetus. Little is known about the outcome of pregnancy in acromegalic women. Here, we report seven cases of pregnancy out of 48 acromegalic women followed for 16 years. At diagnosis, five patients had macroadenoma, one patient had microadenoma and the size of the tumor was not documented in one patient. In one patient, acromegaly was initially diagnosed during pregnancy at 29 weeks. When she was 33 weeks, she developed pituitary apoplexy and had an emergency transsphenoidal resection of her macroadenoma during which she also had a cesarian section and delivered a healthy baby girt. In the remaining six patients, pregnancy occured 6 to 64.5 months after the adenoma resection. Three patients received radiotherapy before getting preg-nant. In three patients, pregnancy occured during bromocriptine treatment and the drug was withdrawn. In one patient, pregnancy occured during chronic octreotide treatment and therapeutic abortion was performed. In another patient, therapeutic abortion was performed because of uncontrolled disease. In the remaining four patients, there were neither worsening of symptoms nor tumor growth. All four patients gave birth to full-term healthy infants. Out of our seven patients, two developed gestational diabetes mellitus which was controlled with diet. None of the patients had coronary artery disease, hypertension or dyslipidemia. These cases show that pregnancy might be uneventful in acromegalic women when the disease is controlled with prior surgery and radiotherapy.