Sirolimus experience in adult patients with vascular malformations

AKYILDIZ A., Ismayilov R., GÜVEN D. C., YILDIRIM H. Ç., Tatar O. D., KUŞ F., ...More

Vascular, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/17085381241241853
  • Journal Name: Vascular
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CINAHL, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: adults, mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors, sirolimus, Vascular anomaly, vascular malformation
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Aim: Sirolimus, a mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor, inhibits cell growth and proliferation by controlling ribosome biogenesis and protein synthesis in vascular anomalies and cancers. However, most sirolimus studies on vascular anomalies were conducted in the pediatric population, with limited data in adults. In this study, we assessed the effectiveness and safety of sirolimus in adult patients with vascular malformation, a subtype of vascular anomaly. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of adult vascular malformation patients aged over 16, treated at Hacettepe University Cancer Institute from January 2013 to September 2022. Patient demographics and clinical characteristics were recorded. The primary outcome was the efficacy of sirolimus evaluated by response and disease control rates. The disease control rate was defined as the cumulative percentage of complete or partial responses, along with stable disease. The secondary endpoint was toxicity and safety. Results: 38 patients with a median age of 21 (IQR: 18–33) were recruited. Prior to sirolimus treatment, 57.9% of patients had undergone other therapeutic interventions, predominantly sclerotherapy and surgery. The median follow-up time during sirolimus treatment was 18.5 (IQR: 11.3–74.5) months. The disease control rate was 92.1% (35/38). Head-neck localization was associated with better response rates (p =.001). Sirolimus was generally well tolerated and grade 1 or 2 oral mucositis (n = 4) and skin rash (n = 3) were the most common side effects. Conclusion: In this study, we found sirolimus was efficacious and well tolerated in adult patients with vascular malformation.