A simple and sensitive method for the speciation, separation and preconcentration of Cr(VI) and Cr(III) in natural water, soil and sediment samples was developed. Cr(VI) has been separated from Cr(III) and preconcentrated as Cr(III)-diphenylcarbazone complex by using Ambersorb 563 resin and determined by spectrophotometric method at 540 nm. Effect of analytical parameters such as sulfuric acid concentration, ligand volume, type of elution solution, sample volume, amount of resin and foreign ions were investigated. The presented procedure was successfully applied for the chromium speciation in various environmental samples with successfully results. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.