A multi-body head-and-neck model for simulation of rear impact in cars


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HİMMETOĞLU S. , Acar M., Taylor A. J. , Bouazza-Marouf K.

PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PART D-JOURNAL OF AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING, vol.221, pp.527-541, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 221
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1243/09544070jauto467
  • Title of Journal : PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PART D-JOURNAL OF AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING
  • Page Numbers: pp.527-541

Abstract

This paper presents the development and validation of a 50th percentile male multi-body head-and-neck model, aimed primarily at analysing rear impact and the resulting whiplash injury effects. The objective is to design a computationally efficient model behaving like a human head and neck in the case of a rear impact. The volunteer sled tests performed by the Japanese Automobile Research Institute (JARI) have been used for the validation of the head-neck model for low-speed rear-impact analysis. The presented approach for the multi-body head-and-neck model is simple, effective, and capable of producing biofidelic responses. The results show that the model can represent with a high degree of accuracy the rear-impact response of a human.