Immobilization of Aspergillus oryzae beta-Galactosidase on Low-pressure Plasma-modified Cellulose Acetate Membrane Using Polyethyleneimine for Production of Galactooligosaccharide

GÜLEÇ H. A. , Gurdas S., ALBAYRAK N., Mutlu M.

BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOPROCESS ENGINEERING, vol.15, no.6, pp.1006-1015, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12257-010-0046-7
  • Page Numbers: pp.1006-1015


The aim of this study was to produce galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) from lactose using beta-galactosidase from Aspergillus oryzae immobilized on a low-pressure plasma-modified cellulose acetate (CA) membrane Specifically, a novel method was developed for multilayer enzyme immobilization involving polyethyleneimine (PEI)-enzyme aggregate formation and growth on a CA membrane A large amount of enzyme (997 mu g/cm(2) membrane) was immobilized with 66% efficiency The K(m) value for the immobilized enzyme was estimated to be 48 mM, which indicates decreased affinity for the substrate, whereas the Vmax value was smaller The immobilized enzyme showed good storage and operational stability The half-life of the immobilized enzyme on the membrane was about 1 month at 30 degrees C and similar to 60 h at 60 degrees C Maximum GOS production of 27% (w/w) was achieved with 70% lactose conversion from 320 g/L of lactose at pH 4 5 and 60 degrees C Trisaccharides were the major types of GOS formed and accounted for about 75% of the total GOS produced Based on these results, immobilized enzyme technology could be applied to GOS production from lactose