Novel hydrogel membrane based on copoly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate/p-vinylbenzylpoly(ethylene oxide)) for biomedical applications: Properties and drug release characteristics

Arica M., Bayramoglu G., Arica B., Yalcin E., Ito K., Yagci Y.

MACROMOLECULAR BIOSCIENCE, vol.5, no.10, pp.983-992, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 5 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/mabi.200500091
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.983-992
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this study was to synthesize and characterize a novel biocompatible polymeric membrane system and demonstrate its potential use in various biomedical applications. Synthetic hydrogels based on poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate), poly(HEMA), have been widely studied and used in biomedical fields. A novel copolymer hydrogel was prepared in the membrane form using 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate monomer (HEMA) and a macromonomer p-vinylbenzyl-poly(ethylene oxide) (V-PEO) via photoinitiated polymerization. A series of poly(HEMA/V-PEO) copolymer membranes with different compositions were prepared. The membranes were characterised using infrared, thermal and SEM analysis. The thermal stabilities of the copolymer membranes were found to be lowered by an increase in the ratio of macromonomer (V-PEO) in the membrane structure. Because of the incorporation of PEO segments, the coplymers exhibited significantly higher hydropholic surface properties than pure poly(HEMA), as demonstrated by contact angle measurements. Equilibrium swelling studies were conducted to investigate the swelling behavior of the membrane. The equilibrium water uptake was reached in about 4 h. Moreover, the blood protein adsorption and platelet adhesion were significantly reduced on the surface of the PEO contacting copolymer membranes compared to control pure poly(HEMA). Drug release experiments were performed in a continuous release system using model drug (vancomycin) loaded copoly(HEMA/V-PEO) membrane formulation possessing the highest PEO contact (with a HEMA:V-PEO (mmol:mmol) feed ratio of 112:1 and loaded with 40 mg antibiotic/g polymer) released and can be considered as a potential candidate for a transdermal antibiotic carrier and various biomedical and biotechological applications.