Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithm Based on Decomposition for Energy Efficient Coverage in Wireless Sensor Networks

Ozdemir S., Attea B. A., Khalil O. A.

WIRELESS PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS, vol.71, no.1, pp.195-215, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 71 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11277-012-0811-3
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.195-215
  • Keywords: Coverage preservation, Clustering, Energy conservation, MOEA/D, MOO, NSGA-II, Wireless sensor networks
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: No


Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) have become a hot area of research in recent years due to the realization of their ability in myriad applications including military surveillance, facility monitoring, target detection, and health care applications. However, many WSN design problems involve tradeoffs between multiple conflicting optimization objectives such as coverage preservation and energy conservation. Many of the existing sensor network design approaches, however, generally focus on a single optimization objective. For example, while both energy conservation in a cluster-based WSNs and coverage-maintenance protocols have been extensively studied in the past, these have not been integrated in a multi-objective optimization manner. This paper employs a recently developed multi-objective optimization algorithm, the so-called multi-objective evolutionary algorithm based on decomposition (MOEA/D) to solve simultaneously the coverage preservation and energy conservation design problems in cluster-based WSNs. The performance of the proposed approach, in terms of coverage and network lifetime is compared with a state-of-the-art evolutionary approach called NSGA II. Under the same environments, simulation results on different network topologies reveal that MOEA/D provides a feasible approach for extending the network lifetime while preserving more coverage area.