The Effects of Yoga and Stabilization Exercises in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Crossover Study

ÜLGER Ö., ÖZ M., Ozel Asliyuce Y.

Holistic Nursing Practice, vol.37, no.4, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 37 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/hnp.0000000000000593
  • Journal Name: Holistic Nursing Practice
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: exercise, low back pain, physiotherapy, yoga
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of yoga and stabilization exercises in patients with chronic low back pain. Thirty-five female patients were randomly assigned to the stabilization exercise group or the yoga group. Outcome measures were the visual analog scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Back Performance Scale (BPS), 6-minute walk test (6MWT), Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ), and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). The scores of the VAS, ODI, BPS, 6MWT, and PSQI improved significantly after both interventions (P <.05). Improvements in the stabilization program were higher on the transversus abdominis activation (P <.05). Both interventions had no effect on kinesiophobia (P >.05). Both exercise approaches were found to be similarly effective on pain, function, metabolic capacity, and sleep quality.