Two new coumarin glycosides (1 and 2) along with two known coumarin glucosides. daphnin (3) and daphnetin glucoside (4) were isolated from the aerial parts of Cruciata taurica. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by spectral methods and chemical means as 7-O-(6'-acetoxy-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-8-hydroxycoumarin (1) and 7-O-[6'-O-(3",4"-dihydroxycinnainoyl)-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]-8-hydroxycoumarin (2). The phylogenetic significance of coumarins in C. taurica was discussed. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.