Nano-tailored multi-functional cementitious composites

Ozturk O., Yildirim G., Keskin U. S. , Siad H., ŞAHMARAN M.

COMPOSITES PART B-ENGINEERING, vol.182, 2020 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 182
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2019.107670
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts


This paper explores the effects of single and binary use of nano-additions on the self-sensing and self-healing efficiencies of cementitious composites in achieving a material that combines high mechanical and multifunctional performances. The researchers studied three nano-tailored cementitious compositions incorporating nano-silica (NS), multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CNT) and binary NS/CNT, as well as control composites prepared without nano-additions. The study included compressive strength testing on sound specimens and an evaluation of combined self-sensing/self-healing capabilities with electrical resistivity (ER) measurements conducted before and after preloading and during the self-healing recovery stage. Recovery rates were also evaluated via crack width measurements recorded by video microscope and compared to ER testing results. To account for different self-healing products, microstructural characterization was performed on healed cracks using scanning electron microscopy coupled with EDX (SEM/EDX) and thermo-gravimetric (TG/DTG) analyses. Results show that while the single use of CNT can promote self-sensing and self-healing properties, using binary NS/CNT can significantly enhance these performances. The density and amounts of C-S-H and CaCO3 in healed cracks increased with the addition of nano-materials, especially for the binary NS/CNT.