Cross-national comparisons of the prevalences and correlates of mental disorders


Andrade L., Caraveo-Anduaga J., Berglund P., Bijl R., Kessler R., Demler O., ...More

BULLETIN OF THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION, vol.78, no.4, pp.413-426, 2000 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 78 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Title of Journal : BULLETIN OF THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
  • Page Numbers: pp.413-426

Abstract

The International Consortium in Psychiatric Epidemiology (ICPE) was established in 1998 by WHO to carry out cross-national comparative studies of the prevalences and correlates of mental disorders. This article describes the findings of ICPE surveys in seven countries in North America (Canada and USA), Latin America (Brazil and Mexico), and Europe (Germany, Netherlands, and Turkey), using a version of the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) to generate diagnoses. The results are reported using DSM-III-R and DSM-IV criteria without diagnostic hierarchy rules for mental disorders and with hierarchy rules for substance-use disorders.