Aims and background: Brain metastases occur in 20-40% of patients with cancer, and their frequency has increased over time. Lung, breast and skin (melanoma) are the most common sources of brain metastases. Recent studies show that several genes such as CD44 and PTEN have roles in the suppression of metastatic growth. Although it has been determined that there is a relationship between the FHIT gene and several primary tumors, its role in the initiation and progression of brain tumors has not yet been entirely explained. Furthermore, it is not known whether the FHIT gene has a role in the formation of brain metastases.