Health related behaviours and physical activity level of hypertensive individuals during COVID-19 pandemic


Durukan B. N. , VARDAR YAĞLI N. , ÇALIK KÜTÜKCÜ E. , Sener Y. Z. , Tokgozoglu L.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH, vol.45, no.2, pp.176-183, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/mrr.0000000000000519
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.176-183
  • Keywords: COVID-19, hypertension, pandemics, physical activity, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, ACTIVITY QUESTIONNAIRE, CONFINEMENT, RELIABILITY, VALIDITY, LOCKDOWN

Abstract

During the COVID-19 pandemic, all countries implemented lockdown to prevent transmission of coronavirus. The prolonged stay-at-home process created some unfavourable effects like unhealthy lifestyle, physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour especially in patients with cardiovascular risk. Hypertensive individuals are also affected in the pandemic because of limited access to healthcare services, screening, and altered lifestyles. We aimed to investigate physical activity (PA) level, sedentary behaviour, mental health and healthy lifestyle behaviours in patients with hypertension and compare these parameters with healthy controls. This prospective, cross-sectional study included 40 hypertensive and 40 age-sex matched healthy controls. We assessed PA with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire long-form, quality of life with Short-Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire, anxiety and depression with Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and lifestyle behaviours with Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile Scale-II (HPLP-II). Moderate and vigorous PA levels of hypertensives' were statistically lower than healthy controls (P = 0.001; P = 0.003, respectively). Hypertensive patients exhibited lower SF-36 physical function (P = 0.001), energy/vitality (P = 0.042), body pain scores than those of healthy controls (P = 0.007). Although HADS-anxiety, depression scores were similar (P > 0.05), the depression ratio (45%) was more common in the hypertensive group during the lockdown. The main findings are that hypertensive patients have lower PA levels and worse quality of life than healthy controls during the pandemic. In addition, the presence of depression is more common among hypertensive patients. Considering unhealthy lifestyles, governments, and health professionals should take some precautions and plan interventions against physical inactivity. As known, providing regular physical activity is a keystone to fighting against cardiovascular disease.