Ataxia is a symptom that is often associated with syndromic inherited diseases. We previously reported the linkage of a novel syndrome, ataxia with blindness and deafness (SCAR3/SCABD, OMIM# 271250), to chromosome 6p21-p23 by linkage mapping of an Arab Israeli consanguineous family. We have now identified by whole-exome sequencing a homozygous missense mutation in the Arab Israeli family in the SLC52A2 gene located in 8qter, therefore excluding linkage of this family to 6p. We confirmed the involvement of SLC52A2 by the identification of a second mutation in an independent family with an identical syndromic presentation, which we suggest to name SCABD2. SCABD2 is therefore allelic to Brown-Vialleto-Van Laere syndrome type 2 defined by prominent motoneuronopathy and deafness, and also caused by SLC52A2 mutations. In the course of this project, we identified a clinically similar family with a homozygous missense mutation in PEX6, which is located in 6p21. Therefore, despite false linkage in the initial family, SCABD1/SCAR3 is located in 6p21 and is caused by PEX6 mutations. Both SLC52A2 and PEX6 should be included in screening panels for the diagnosis of syndromic inherited ataxias, particularly as patients with mutations in SLC52A2 can be ameliorated by riboflavin supplementation.