in: Caves and Karst of Turkey - Volume 2, James W. LaMoreaux, Editor, Springer, Geneve, pp.93-96, 2022
There are three main karst spring groups in the area: Gökova, Azmak, and Akbük Bay. Gökova springs discharge from the coastline in the north of Gökova Bay. Azmak spring group discharges through the fault line in the east of Akyaka village. Akbük Bay spring discharges from alluvium at an elevation close to the sea level, situated in the northwest of Akbük Bay.