FAB LMB 96 Regimen for Newly Diagnosed Burkitt Lymphoma in Children: Single-center Experience

AYDIN G. B., AKYÜZ C., Kalkan N., KURUCU N., VARAN A., YALÇIN B., ...More

JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC HEMATOLOGY ONCOLOGY, vol.41, no.1, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Background/Objectives: The outcome of Burkitt lymphoma has improved by over 90%. In this study, demographic characteristics and outcomes of 57 patients with Burkitt lymphoma treated with FAB LMB 96 regimen are presented. Materials and Methods: Standard intensity arms were selected for all risk groups. Clinical characteristics, response to treatment, and outcome were evaluated. Results: The median age of 48 boys and 9 girls was 8.2 years. There were 2 (3%), 41 (72%), and 14 (25%) patients in the low, intermediate, and high-risk groups, respectively. Patients were followed-up for a median of 50 months. The 5-year overall survival and event-free survival rates for the study group were 90.8% and 87.4%, respectively. Two patients in the low-risk group are still alive without evidence of disease for 17 and 57 months. The 5-year overall survival rates were 95% and 78% for intermediate and high-risk patients, and the 5-year event-free survival rates were 93% and 62%, respectively. At the end of induction, 58% of patients had complete response, and 42% (n=24) had residual tumors. A total of 16 of 24 patient biopsies showed no viable tumors. Conclusions: Our results confirm the previously published survival results of FAB LMB 96. The regimen is an effective regimen for mature B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma without radiotherapy or surgery even in central nervous system-positive patients. The most important prognostic factor is the complete response after induction chemotherapy. However, residual tumor at the end of consolidation might not always be a sign for unresponsive tumor. Tumoral residue should be radiologically well evaluated and biopsied if possible for viability before intensifying treatment.