A reliability generalization meta-analysis of the family resilience assessment scale (FRAS)


Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.pedn.2024.04.003
  • Journal Name: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, ASSIA, CINAHL, MEDLINE, DIALNET
  • Keywords: Family resilience, FRAS, Meta-analysis, Reliability generalization
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Problem: Practitioners and researchers frequently rely on the Family Resilience Assessment Scale (FRAS) to assess family resilience, and previous research reported varying reliability statistics for the measurements with the scale. The present study aims to generalize the reliability of the FRAS based on Cronbach's alpha coefficients reported in the selected studies. Eligibility criteria: We selected relevant research on various databases, including Web of Science, PubMed, ProQuest, Scopus, YÖK Thesis Center, DergiPark, and TR Index. Sample: Satisfying our inclusion criteria, fifty-five studies were included in the present study. Results: We calculated the reliability generalization coefficients for the FRAS total score to be 0.951 (95% CI [0.942, 0.958]) and 0.949 for Family Communication and Problem Solving, 0.792 for Utilizing Social and Economic Resources, 0.861 for Maintaining a Positive Outlook, 0.635 for Family Connectedness, 0.873 for Family Spirituality, and 0.702 for Ability to Make Meaning of Adversity. Conclusions: In a nutshell, our findings secure substantial insights into the reliability of the FRAS and its subscales for prospective researchers and practitioners. In this study, generalized Cronbach's alpha values imply average, good, and acceptable reliability for the FRAS subscales and total score, except for Family Connectedness. Implications: The distinct contribution of our research may be to reemphasize the significance of avoiding reliability induction and to raise awareness among prospective researchers of evaluating the reliability of any measurement they would obtain.