Fizyoterapi Rehabilitasyon, vol.13, no.1, pp.13-18, 2002 (Scopus)
Purpose: This study was performed to investigate the effect of flexible and hard sockets on the rehabilitation of above knee amputees. Material and methods: 40 unilateral above knee amputees with age of 20-40 years were included in the study. Amputees received prosthetic treatment with hard and flexible sockets seven days respectively. Balance, weight acceptance, gait and ambulation activities were given in prosthetic treatment. After the treatment with each socket application flexibility assessment related with prostheses, prosthetic weight, weight acceptance through the amputated side, gait analysis, ambulation activities were evaluated. Results: When socket weight acceptance through the amputated side and flexibility assessment related with prostheses were compared between the two sockets applications, important differences were found to be in flexibility, prosthetic weight and weight bearing on the amputated side in favour of the flexible socket (p<0.05). There was also significant differences in ambulation activities especially in ascending/descending stairs, stepping over, 50 meters walk and getting off/on a vehicle when using flexible socket (p<0.05). According to the results of gait analysis, important differences were found in side step length, step width, cadence and velocity in favour of flexible sockets. Conclusion: It was seen that the flexible socket could be used successfully in rehabilitation of above knee amputees.