Structural recognition of an ICAM-1 peptide by its receptor on the surface of T cells: conformational studies of cyclo (1,12)-Pen-Pro-Arg-Gly-Gly-Ser-Val-Leu-Val-Thr-Gly-Cys-OH


Gursoy R., Jois D., Siahaan T.

JOURNAL OF PEPTIDE RESEARCH, cilt.53, ss.422-431, 1999 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 53 Konu: 4
  • Basım Tarihi: 1999
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1034/j.1399-3011.1999.00080.x
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF PEPTIDE RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.422-431

Özet

The purpose of this study is to elucidate the solution conformation of cyclic peptide 1 (clBR), cycle (1, 12)-Pen1-Pro2-Arg3-Gly4-Gly5-Ser6-Val7-Leu8-Val9-Thr10-Gly11-Cys12-OH, using NMR, circular dichroism (CD) and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation experiments, clBR peptide (1), which is derived from the sequence of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1, CD54), inhibits homotypic T-cell adhesion in vitro. The peptide hinders T-cell adhesion by inhibiting the leukocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1, CD11a/CD18) interaction with ICAM-1. Furthermore, Molt-3 T cells bind and internalize this peptide via cell surface receptors such as LFA-1. Peptide internalization by the LFA-1 receptor is one possible mechanism of inhibition of T-cell adhesion. The recognition of the peptide by LFA-1 is due to its sequence and conformation; therefore, this study can provide a better understanding for the conformational requirement of peptide-receptor interactions. The solution structure of 1 was determined using NMR, CD and MD simulation in aqueous solution. NMR showed a major and a minor conformer due to the presence of cis/trans isomerization at the X-Pro peptide bond. Because the contribution of the minor conformer is very small, this work is focused only on the major conformer. In solution, the major conformer shows a trans-configuration at the Pen1-Pro2 peptide bond as determined by HMQC NMR. The major conformer shows possible beta-turns at Pro2-Arg3-Gly4-Gly5, Gly5-Ser6-Val7-Leu8, and Val9-Thr10-Gly11-Cys12. The first beta-turn is supported by the ROE connectivities between the NH of Gly4 and the NH of Gly5. The connectivities between the NH of Ser6 and the NH of Val7, followed by the interaction between the amide protons of Val7 and Leu8, support the presence of the second beta-turn. Furthermore, the presence of a beta-turn at Val9-Thr10-Gly11-Cys12 is supported by the NH-NH connectivities between Thr10 and Gly11 and between Gly11 and Cys12. The propensity to form a type I beta-turn structure is also supported by CD spectral analysis. The clBR peptide (1) shows structural similarity at residues Pro2 to Val7 with the same sequence in the X-ray structure of D1-domain of ICAM-1. The conformation of Pro2 to Val7 in this peptide may be important for its binding selectivity to the LFA-1 receptor.