The effect of virtual and augmented reality on teaching crystal structure of materials and student reflections in applications

Abdusselam M. S., ÇILDIR S., Atasoy S.

International Journal of Technology Enhanced Learning, vol.15, no.3, pp.215-233, 2023 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1504/ijtel.2023.131848
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Technology Enhanced Learning
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.215-233
  • Keywords: augmented reality, Crystal structure of materials, Student reflections, Students skills, Virtual reality
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of a teaching material, developed with virtual and augmented reality technologies and used in teaching the contents related to the crystal structures to the engineering students, on the academic achievement of students. This study was conducted using the mixed method, and 23 students studying at an engineering faculty of a state university participated in this study in 2019 2020 Fall Semester. According to the results of the achievement test, the difference between the application scores in the test was significant, and these technologies contributed to the teaching of the crystal structures of the materials. When the data were analysed in terms of students skills of drawing 3D figures, mathematical processing and explaining the content, it was found that these three skills improved in all students in a positive way.