The aim of this study was to demonstrate the altered metabolic infrastructure of pregnant women with methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) polymorphisms at first trimester and during delivery. Eight singleton pregnant women with MTHFR polymorphisms were compared with 10 normal pregnant women. Maternal blood samples were obtained twice during their pregnancy period (between the 11th and 14th gestational weeks and during delivery). Metabolomic analysis was performed using GC-MS. The GC-MS based metabolomic profile helped identify 95 metabolites in the plasma samples. In the MTHFR group, the levels of 1-monohexadecanoylglycerol, pyrophosphate, benzoin, and linoleic acid significantly decreased (P < 0.05 for all), whereas the levels of glyceric acid, l-tryptophan, l-alanine, l-proline, norvaline, l-threonine, and myo-inositol significantly increased (P < 0.01 for the first two metabolites, P < 0.05 for the others) at 11-14 gestational weeks. Conversely, the levels of benzoin, 1-monohexadecanoylglycerol, pyruvic acid, l-proline, phosphoric acid, epsilon-caprolactam, and pipecolic acid significantly decreased in the MTHFR group, whereas metabolites such as hexadecanoic acid and 2-hydroxybutyric acid increased significantly in the study group during delivery. An impaired energy metabolism pathway, vitamin B complex disorders, tendency for metabolic acidosis (oxidative stress), and the need for cell/tissue support seem prevalent in pregnancies with MTHFR polymorphisms.